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Chateaux in Hautes-Pyrenees
Many chateaux of the Hautes Pyrenees have been influenced by the Sicard de Lordat, a military engineer employed by Gaston Phoebus, the 14th-century powerful Bearn Lord who opposed the Hundred Years War and wanted to create a unified Pyrenean state. Phoebus had a network of castles constructed in order to protect his lands, for example, Chateau de Montaner.
Many of these chateaux were built of brick rather than stone to save money. The single tower served as a keep and a gateway. The living quarters and the barracks were built against the inside of the curtain wall.
The Wars of Religion (16th-century) and the 17th-century earthquake took its toll on many of the chateaux in this region (see Chateau de Lourdes). However, some sort of restoration work has been undertaken (by Vauban in 1685 or more recently in the 1970's) which means that at least some the former glory of these chateaux still lives on today.