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Chateaux in Lot-et-Garonne
The Lot-et-Garonne department stands on the ancient border of Agen and Perigord and has always been (along with its chateaux) bitterly fought over. This is particularly true of the period between 1122 and 1204 when Agen became a political pawn after the marriage of Henri Plantagenet to Eleanor of Aquitaine. For example, Eleanor ordered a watchtower three storeys high to be built on the site of Chateau de Malviraud to protect her lands.
The region and its chateaux didn't fair much better during the Hundred Years War which began in 1345. Much of the region fell to the English Crown who only finally receded in 1453. During this period many of the chateaux in the Lot-et-Garonne were destroyed in some way, for example, the English tower at Chateau de Biron.
Some of the chateaux of the Lot-et-Garonne also played an important role in the Wars of Religion which began in 1562, for example, Chateau de Cenevieres which was owned by Antoine de Gourdon (head of the Huguenots during this time).
However, don't despair! The chateaux of the Lot-et-Garonne also have some of the Renaissance flair so well loved of the Loire chateaux. This includes Chateau de Malvirade and Chateau de Biron which were influenced by the ever growing penchant for everything Renaissance during the reign of Francois 1st.