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Chateaux in Pyrenees-Atlantique
Many chateaux of the Pyrenees Atlantique have been influenced by the Sicard de Lordat, a military engineer employed by Gaston Phoebus, the 14th-century powerful Bearn Lord who opposed the Hundred Years War. Phoebus had a network of castles constructed in order to protect his lands, for example, Chateau de Morlanne - a perfectly restored fortress.
Many of these chateaux were built of brick rather than stone to save money. The single tower served as a keep and a gateway. The living quarters and the barracks were built against the inside of the curtain wall.
The chateaux of this area were also influenced by the Renaissance architecture brought here by the court of Francois I who were natives of Saintonge or Angoumois. Chateau de Pau, for example, was transformed from a military fortress to a Renaissance Palace by Marguerite d'Angouleme.